Add 1 quart of water, and bring to a boil. Leaves are simple and alternate, with an ovate shape. They have peely bark like birches (though not white like many birches) and are hardy to zone 4 according to various search results. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. Common Name: Yellow Birch. Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 4 to 6 inches long, pinnately-veined, acute tip, rounded base, doubly serrate margins, somewhat soft or fuzzy, dark green above and paler below. Leaves. Leaves are 2.5 to 4 inches long and 1.25 to 2.5 inches wide. It may be neither, but a third species with maple-like leaves. It was first discovered at Allegehny River in the U.S. hence its botanical name. Quebec — Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) ... Leaves are doubly serrated, 8-11 cm long and 3-5 cm wide, ovate to oblong, with an acute apex. While Paper Birch (Betula papyrifera) may be somewhat reddish colored on younger branches, its older bark is distinctly white and typically chalky textured. Yellow leaves in the fall are attractive. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The bark on Heart-leaved Birch (B. cordifolia) is also consistently whiter and its leaves are heart-shaped at the base. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is also known as gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch; a medium to large deciduous tree that grows 60 to 80 feet (maximum 100 feet) with a trunk diameter of 2 to 4 feet.Yellow birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. While out looking for a lost knife of Stony's, Krik spies a Yellow Birch tree along Lyman Run in the Pennsylvania Wilds. We theorize that a maple trees roots somehow grew into the birch trees roots. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) ... White-tails are especially fond of browsing seedlings during the summer, and green leaves and woody stems in the fall, and they favor succulent sprouts over slower growing seedlings. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Elliptical, double saw-toothed with even bases; 7½-13cm (3-5”) in length; Wintergreen odor given off when leaves crushed; Dark dull green from above; light yellow-green from below; Photo by … Each leaf is 3 to 5 inches long, with a doubly-toothed margin. The branches are brown. SPECIES: Betula alleghaniensis GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Yellow birch is a native, deciduous tree. And there is a maple tree that has really dark purple leaves on it (purple on the top and green on the bottom) it is really strange. The leaves are alternately placed on the stem, oval in shape with a pointed tip and often a slightly heart shaped (cordate) base. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. The gold birch since 1993 national tree of Québec (Canada). Thanks for your understanding. 30 m (99 ft) high. 5 mm); bark of twigs with flavor of wintergreen. Betula alleghaniensis, Yellow Birch. Flower: Species is monoecious; males are preformed catkins occuring near ends of twig, 1 inch long, reddish green; females are upright 5/8 inches long, reddish green; … A handsome large birch, Betula alleghaniensis grows vigorously and has mid green leaves which turn good shades of yellow in autumn before falling. Section Betula (including the natives B. populifolia, B. papyrifera, and B. cordifolia) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere.Section Costatae (including B. alleghaniensis, B. lenta, B. nigra, and B. uber) occurs in e. Young shoots and spur shoots are light green and usually pubescent. Betula nigra , or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. The leaves are alternate with doubly toothed margins and a pointed tip. Male and female flowers are borne separately on the same tree (monoecious), in clusters called catkins. single tree, planting in groups, forest tree, overview leaves | overview blossomsoverview fruit    | overview trunksoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Trunks can get up to 36 (48) inches dbh. Distribution. Plant Type: Tree. Part Used: Leaves, Bark, Roots Plant State: Fresh or Dried Place 2 ounces of fresh, or 1 ounce of dried plant into a pan. Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch) As its Latin name sugests, yellow birch is an Appalachian tree, although its range extends into northeastern North America and the northern Midwest; it is a central component of both northern hardwood and Appalachian cove forests. Habitat: Forests at medium to high elevations, rarely at low elevations. I'm a little late to the conversation between Mina and K. Chayka, but I wonder if the tree Mina described as "a birch tree with maple leaves growing on it" is actually the paperbark maple, Acer griseum. If anyone could tell me what these trees are I would be grateful. Separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious). The leaves are arranged alternately along the twigs on short spur-shoots; there are one or … Your Name: The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to max. Herbal Preparations For Betula alleghaniensis Strong Decoction. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Twigs have a wintergreen odor when broken, with a wintergreen flavor as well. Heavy or repeated browsing often kills seedlings. River Birch (B. nigra), which is only found in floodplain forests of the lower Mississippi, does have coarse, platy bark on its lower trunk like Yellow Birch, but its younger stems have have very loose, large papery sheets, often reddish brown and chalky textured. Flower arrangement, shape, and size. The leaves have an alternate leaf arrangement where a single leaf is attached at each node, and the nodes are not directly across from one another on the twigs of the tree. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3812 plants and 23,753 images. Mina, trees do not hybridize through their root systems as you theorized - a birch and maple will not cross paths like that. The sap has the smell and taste of wintergreen. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. The wood varies in color from reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain an… Betula pubescens has been persistently reported from Michigan, but no specimens have been seen. Other uses of the herb: The bark is waterproof and has been used by native peoples as the outer skin of canoes, as roofing material on dwellings and to make containers such as buckets, baskets and dishes. It was once popular for wagon wheels. Thx. Your email address: (required) Leaf surfaces are a dull dark green, but lighter underneath with a pointed tip and a slightly heart shaped (cordate) base. They are coloured dark green above and pale yellow green below. In spite of its fairly broad site tolerance and geographic range in Minnesota, it is rarely if ever used or seen in urban landscape plantings. Betula alleghaniensis var. The leaves of the yellow birch are dark green when viewed from above, but are a paler green on the bottom surface. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Betula leopoldae is an extinct species of birch in the family Betulaceae.The species is known from fossil leaves, catkins, and inflorescences found in the early Eocene deposits of northern Washington state, United States, and similar aged formations in British Columbia, Canada.The species is placed as basal in Betula, either as a stem group species, or an early divergent species. The one with purple leaves is probably a cultivar - check your local garden center. The wintergreen odor and taste of young broken twigs is also unique from all other Minnesota birches, though Sweet Birch (B. lenta), an eastern species not found in Minnesota, shares this trait. Continue to boil over medium heat, stirring periodically, until reduced by half. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2021 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Common names are from state and federal lists. The catkins already created in the winter. Species Epithet: alleghaniensis. Edges are double-toothed, upper surface dark green and sparsely hairy becoming smooth, lower surface lighter green with hairs on veins and with tufts in vein axils. alternate, simple leaves; 3" to 5"; long and half as wide; elongated oval in shape, doubly serrate; dull, dark green upper surface, light green underside; broken twigs have a wintergreen smell; Autumn Foliage. A valuable tree and classified as one of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Anoka, Hennepin, Ramsey and Wright counties. Kartesz, J.T. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. Yellow birch is considered the most important species of birch for lumber and is the most important hardwood lumber tree in eastern Canada; as such, the wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, furniture, doors, veneer, cabinetry, gun stocks and toothpicks. Bark on younger stems and branches is bronze or yellowish brown, shiny with large, rough horizontal lenticels, older bark peeling in thin, curly strips, basal trunk bark reddish brown, breaking up into coarse, shaggy plates. Leaves of Betula alleghaniensis are simple, alternate and doubly-toothed. Betula Alleghaniensis is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a fast rate. Betula alleghaniensis bark (smells like wintergreen) wet-site associated specis, but not always can become giant can make tea from the bark birch syrup alternate - you really liked the way its leaves were arranged serration on leaves Betula L. (Betulaceae). On my street there is a birch tree with maple leaves growing on it. 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