Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. AIMST University, Malaysia. Authors Varut Lohsiriwat 1 , Siriluck Prapasrivorakul, Darin Lohsiriwat. Dr. J.H. Chronic symptoms include ulcer perforation and stricture formation. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. Increased gastric acid secretion. Author: Shahab Shahid MBBS • Reviewer: Uruj Zehra MBBS, MPhil, PhD Last reviewed: August 31, 2020 Reading time: 6 minutes Peptic ulcer disease usually involves the mucosal lining of stomach or duodenum (first layer of the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum). ulcers. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (Acid – pepsin ulcer disease) G JUMBI SURGICAL ANATOMY • ANATOMY (Stomach and duodenum) -gross anatomy. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Company: org Other titles: Arial Wingdings Times New Roman Network 1_Network 2_Network 3_Network 4_Network 5_Network 6_Network 7_Network 8_Network 9_Network 10_Network 11_Network Peptic Ulcer Disease Definition Peptic Ulcers: Gastric & Dudodenal PUD Demographics Comparing Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers Duodenal Ulcers Gastric Ulcers … Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Sina Hospital. Antiulcer pharmacology. Location and symptoms. NSAIDs 3. corticosteroids 4. severe physiological stress/illness (e.g. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. ‘ULCER’ simply means a break or lesion in the lining, mucous membrane or skin in any part of the body. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Dr. J.H. As for symptomatic presentation of peptic ulcer (Figure 1), stomach pain was the most frequently recorded symptom (88.4%) followed by hyperacidity (60.6%), underweight (57.4%), vomiting (40.6%), loss of appetite (39.4%) while vomiting of blood was found to be least frequent (7.7%). Download Peptic Ulcer Disease PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . Other forms of peptic ulcer (non‐Hp, non‐NSAID) Risk factors for peptic ulcer. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) by FreeMedsite May 21, 2020 May 21, 2020. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. 1. Peptic Ulcer • An Ulcer is … Erosion in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum. There are various risk factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease, but the most important ones are Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . Your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium H. pylori is present in your body. Home; Documents; Peptic Ulcer Disease Ppt; prev. Gastroenterologist and hepatologist. A peptic ulcer in the upper part of the small intestine (i.e. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. Location and symptoms. Epidemiology of peptic ulcer. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. Complications and treatment. Natural history of peptic ulcer. Perforated peptic ulcer: clinical presentation, surgical outcomes, and the accuracy of the Boey scoring system in predicting postoperative morbidity and mortality World J Surg. - Blood supply. Clinical Complications The acute clinical complication of ulcers is bleeding and approximately occurs in 15%-20% of . Gastric ulcer: It occurs in stomach particularly in lower half portion. Your digestive tract is coated with a mucous layer that normally protects against acid. -… Log in Upload File. It is possible to get an ulcer almost anywhere. Chronic peptic ulcer (stomach) is a mucosal defect which penetrates the muscularis mucosae and muscularis propria, produced by acid-pepsin aggression. - Microscopic anatomy. Barnard ; Dept. Read Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Psychosocial Assessment and Treatment | eBook... No public clipboards found for this slide. Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive. The genetics of peptic ulcer disease. 4. The most common causes of refractory ulcers … Peptic Ulcer. Ulcers that form in the stomach are called gastric ulcers; in the duodenum, they are called duodenal ulcers. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. In peptic ulcer disease, excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus secretion and acid neutralization. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. Less common causes are severe physiological stress (e.g., severe illness, burns, or surgery) or hypersecretory states (e.g., Zollinger‐Ellison syndrome). She looked for a PCP’s advice as she had a tarry stool in the early morning which she had never experienced before. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Definition: Peptic ulcer is a hole or open sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) or oesophagus. peptic ulcer disease.PPT 1. -… Log in Upload File. Chronic use of NSAIDS (aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen) weakens and thins the mucosal lining of the stomach and duodenum and greatly contributes to the formation of breaks in the protective lining. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. Etiology. Ulcer occurring in either of these two sites is called peptic ulcer . Download Peptic Ulcer Disease PowerPoint templates (ppt) and Google Slides themes to create awesome presentations. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Causes. Ulcers damage the mucosa of the alimentary tract, which extends through the muscularis mucosa into the sub mucosa or deeper. Helicobacter pyloriinfection 2. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease: 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease. Ulcer :- An Ulcer is a discontinuity or break in a bodily membrane, or breach in the epithelium . Chronic peptic ulcer it is caused by high chlorhydro-peptic gastric secretion, as a result of either parietal cell hyperplasia, excessive secretory response (i.e., psychological stress) or impaired inhibition of stimulatory mechanism such as gastrin release (as in chronic renal failure or hyperparathyroidism). Peptic ulcer disease. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. 1. Eleven questions were scored on a linear scale and a symptom score was calculated. Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the b… When it occurs in stomach its gastric ulcer. A peptic ulcer may be referred to as a gastric, duodenal, or esophageal ulcer, depending on its location. Peptic Ulcer. [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. Most Popular; Study; Business; Design; Data & Analytics; Explore all categories; peptic ulcer disease ppt. out of 18. The acid can create a painful open sore that may bleed. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp 273–282. Causes. Generally peptic ulcer disease is encountered more frequently in males (M:F 3:1) 2and usually in the older population. Peptic ulcer are among the most common known to man. Laboratory tests for H. pylori. A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. In order to detect an ulcer, your doctor may first take a medical history and perform a physical exam. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. It may also occur in esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal loop, jejunum, and Meckel’s diverticulum. Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach 2. Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO PEPTIC ULCER of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. Obtaining a medical history, especially for peptic ulcer disease, H pylori infection, ingestion of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or smoking, is essential in making the correct diagnosis. PEPTIC ULCER disease (PUD) Dr. Gehan Mohamed Dr. Abdelaty Shawky Learning Objectives Recognize the typical clinical presentation and risk factors for peptic ulcer ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 42ee4e-MWJiN This can be confirmed with biopsies obtained at endoscopy and urea breath test, the combination of the two resulting in a detection rate of close to 100… The prevalence of peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4% and 4.7% in Taiwan, respectively [1,2]. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Types. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. • Gastric ulcers occurs mostly in the lesser curvature of the stomach. Varut Lohsiriwat 1, Siriluck Prapasrivorakul, Darin Lohsiriwat you the exact timeof the perforation FreeMedsite may 21 peptic ulcer ppt. Whether the bacterium H. pylori using a blood, stool or breath.! 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