India’s defence and security partnership with Israel has already proven useful to its security and military modernisation drive. [17] Other celebrities backing the campaign include Arundhati Roy (the Booker prize-winning author), as well as the British actors Joanna Lumley and Michael Palin . However, since this is a topical issue that needs a broader context and a deeper understanding, we also present some of the points and perspectives featured in previous articles covered by the Hindu. Dongria Kondh. However, while the battle on costs is won, the next one is just beginning. Each traditional and community specific jewellery is having great socio-cultural significance. Naturally, this brings them closer to Israel, which faces a growing threat from Islamist militant groups, including Hamas, Hezbollah, and Iranian-backed forces in Syria. The Niyamgiri hill range in Odisha state, eastern India, is home to the Dongria Kondh tribe. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and the name for themselves is Jharnia: protector of streams. Of this, the share of exports stands at almost 80% and has been fairly stable over the years (Ministry of Commerce and Industry, India). Question 2.Consider the following statements about the Dongria Kondh tribe. It is important to note that India and Saudi Arabia have steadily built bilateral relations and taken great care over the past two decades to ‘de-hyphenate’ them from ties between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. From around ₹10-12/kWh in 2010, solar tariffs have come down to ₹2.5-3/kWh. In this context, in 1975, the Government of India initiated to identify the most vulnerable tribal groups as a separate category called PVTGs and declared 52 such groups, while in 1993 an additional 23 groups were added to the category, making it a total of 75 PVTGs out of 705 Scheduled Tribes, spread over 17 states and one Union Territory (UT), in the country (2011 census). The Dongria Kondh are challenging a decision to allow the expansion of a huge aluminum refinery close to their land.. They sustain themselves from the resources of the, Dongria are having nuclear,monogamous and, The socio-political governing and decision-making body of the Dongria Kondh community is also known as the, Members of the village are also organised into. The Dongria Kondh people are a tribe residing in the Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. About 79% area of Ganga basin is in India. To be a Dongria Kondh is to farm the hills’ fertile slopes, harvest their produce, and worship the mountain god Niyam Raja and the hills he presides over, including the 4,000 metre Mountain of the Law, Niyam Dongar. ; Beliefs: They worship Niyam Raja (Niyamraja), the supreme god of the Niyamgiri jungle. According to an assessment by the World Bank submitted to the Central Water Commission the Ganga river basin could see crop failures rise three-fold and drinking water shortage can go up by as much as 39% in some States between now and 2040. Tribes in India . The Opposition has strong support both within and outside the country. The Dongria Kondh family structure depends on which clan the person belongs to as clan, These exogamous clan group have resulted in existence of dominant clan groups which was due to a, Over centuries, the Dongria have helped to maintain the rich biodiversity of their forests, where. Costs are coming down at a tremendous rate, with recent tenders in Hawaii delivering solar plus four hours of battery storage at a hitherto unimaginable ₹5.76/kWh. It falls under the Rayagada and Kalahandi District in south-west Odisha. Solar’s output, seen across time, looks like a series of camel humps: zero at night, rapidly rising to near 100 per cent at midday, and falling again to zero in the evening. The commission was not able to safeguard the tribal rights of Dongria Kondh community of odisha who faced eviction on a Vedanta development project and took public protest against the same. However, these challenges can be overcome. There was an error while trying to send your request. Consider the following about forest fires: Your email address will not be published. Electricity demand and supply, on the other hand, must be balanced at every second at every location on the grid. So would be the NTMs, if increased, as India’s imports from Pakistan are reasonably low at $0.488 billion. Cooperative Labour in Odisha Tribes. Yet, as tensions rise in West Asia, Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE have coalesced more closely against Iran under the U.S.-sponsored Middle East Security Alliance (MESA). The Dongria have distinctive jewellery, tattoos and hairstyles. Removal of sand might result in the intrusion of salt in Kuttanad region. Women wear many rings through their ears and three through their noses, while boys wear two nose rings. The rich, colourful, and intricate temple and mountain designs on the border and pallu of the Dongria Kondh sarees make it a piece of art among handloom sarees.Shop Dongria sarees online from Uttariya and … It is important to note that over the past few years, the course of India’s relations with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) suggests that under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India finally appears to be moving away from its traditional “balancing” approach to West Asia. Some experts take the view that the Modi government also overplayed its expectations from the visit by billing it as part of a diplomatic offensive aimed at ‘isolating’ Pakistan in order to hold it to account for Pulwama. A wealth of information regarding the secrets of the forests and the plants and wildlife they host, have been passed on from generation to generation. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. Similarly, the Saudis need both India and Pakistan. Firstly, India must focus on making demand more responsive to variations in supply. Question 1.Consider the following statements: Question 2.Consider the following statements about the Dongria Kondh tribe. Why is it in News? As a standalone visit, the day-long trip of Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (MBS) to New Delhi will be regarded as a diplomatic success, given the numerous outcomes. Under datarubati, older men help each other for a share of liquor. These costs will come down further. At the same time, the Saudis have been one of Pakistan’s key supporters. Venezuela has also been facing severe food and medicines shortages for months. Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. Published: February 21, 2013 . It also gave village assemblies the right to give or withhold their consent to projects affecting their rights. The Dongria Kondh have adopted a system of imparting cultural and traditional values to the adolescents and youths in their villages through exclusive youth dormitories. Dongria Kondh UPSC IASNETWORK, September 6, 2020 September 6, ... PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS, UPSC PRELIMS CURRENT AFFAIRS, 0 . The report says that Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are likely to face a deficit in irrigation water of 28%, 10%, 10% and 15% respectively in 2040 as compared to the current levels if no proper steps are taken. After the Pulwama attack, the follow-up measure to raise tariff duty on imports to 200% can again be trivial. The Dongria women are also given equal status in the society in matters such as widow remarriage, possessing property without the interference of their husbands and sons. Important value additions. About Dongria Kondh tribe: The Dongria Kondh, a primitive tribal group [now termed as particularly vulnerable tribe], has been protecting more than 7 sq. About Dongria Kondh: The Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of … If the flexibility of the power system is not swiftly increased, within a few years India will reach technical and economic limits to the growth of renewables. Pakistan relies on Saudi Arabia for everything from aid and investments to military back-up and possibly clandestine assistance to develop nuclear technology. The Dongria Kondh people are a tribe residing in the Niyamgiri Hills of Odisha. Its highest point is the mountain known as, The deep reverence and respect that the Dongria have for their, To make the work of the body more efficient the, One which functions at the level of clan or, The management of each clan is then done according to a more, Each group of people are dedicated to address the religious and political matters of the, It presides and solves disputes related to. India’s Dongria Kondh tribe have rejected plans by mining giant Vedanta Resources for an open-pit bauxite mine in their sacred Niyamgiri Hills. After talks with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the two sides announced measures to upgrade the defence partnership, create a. Saudi Arabia has also expressed its interest in investing in infrastructure projects worth about $26 billion. Iran is Saudi Arabia’s chief adversary in West Asia. One by one the spirits speak through her mouth… When Mr. Guaidó declared himself acting President, he may have hoped that he could win over at least sections of Venezuela’s armed forces. During the same period Madhya Pradesh would see a 39%, Delhi 22% and Uttar Pradesh a 25% deficit in drinking water. One of the mountains in the Niyamgiri hill range, Niyam Dongar, is regarded by the tribe to be the abode of their divine god, Niyam Raja (The King of Law). Dongria girls wear clips in their hair and rings and beads around their necks. Experts opine that India’s decision to withdraw the. Indeed, it already is, albeit for the wrong reasons, as Discoms curtail supply (load-shedding) to manage grid balancing and their finances. The Thottappally coast is one of the prime nesting sites for Olive Ridley turtles.The area is also home to several species of reptiles, migratory birds, and a large number of butterflies. Major exports from India that would hard hit would be cotton (not carded or combed) valued at $0.273 billion, p-Xylene ($0.082 billion), polypropylene ($0.063 billion) and single yarn ($0.088 billion). Concurrently, recent escalations between Iran and Israel on the Syrian front suggests that tensions are unlikely to drop soon. Mr. Guaidó in January 2019, invoked articles of the Constitution to assume interim presidency and denounced Mr. Maduro as a usurper, arguing his 2018 re-election was illegitimate. The Dongria Kondh are currently holding their annual ‘Niyamraja festival’ on the picturesque hilltop of Niyamgiri. Language: Kui language (Oral only, not written) Beliefs: They worship Niyam Raja, the god of the Niyamgiri Forests. The tribes include the Dongria Kondh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh. Forest fires are considered to be deadly and catastrophic to the flora and fauna but at the same time it can be beneficial too. The Supreme Court has ordered the eviction of nearly 10 lakh forest dwellers whose claims has been rejected, but these tribal groups have decided to resist the order of SC. Combinations of different interventions such as increasing water use efficiency and implementing a ‘more job per drop’ rather than striving for wholesale crop production are needed. These turtles are best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, where thousands of females come together on the same beach to lay eggs. They have a harmonious, sacred and symbiotic relationship with nature. Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Society In news. Besides China, India and Pakistan are the two largest economies in the South Asian region. At the centre of a dispute over mining rights in the area. According to an alert from NASA’s Fire Information for Resource Management System (NASA-FIRMS) 21 fires or hotspots were detected during the satellite overpass. About: Ethnicity: Dongria Kondh people are members of the Kondhs, of the Munda ethnic group. Nestled between an area of densely forested hills, deep gorges and cascading streams, reside the Dongria Kondh tribe. The Saora people are a jungle tribe with a shamanic culture. Please help the Dongria ." Natural causes- Many forest fires start from natural causes such as lightning which set trees on fire. These are concentrated on agriculture, plants, and food-related products and operate as bans that shut competitors out of its market. [Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 July 2019. During his visit to New Delhi, the Saudi Crown Prince hinted at the attack by vowing to “cooperate in every way, including intelligence sharing”. Kui tribals are one of the 18 Kondh tribes in the State list of the Orissa Government. As expected, Prince Mohammed came bearing gifts, including a promise to collaborate on a $44-billion oil refinery, and said he expected total investment opportunities in India “to exceed $100 billion” in the coming two years. Question 5. They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and the name for themselves is Jharnia: protector of … For PRELIMS labour system is very important . Fact Box: Dongria Kondh tribe. The Opposition doesn’t recognise the 2018 presidential election which Mr. Maduro won. Q4. This “balancing” approach to West Asia is viewed by some experts as a legacy of non-alignment. Location: They are located in the Niyamgiri hills. However, rain extinguishes such fires without causing much damage. The U.S., meanwhile, imposed new sanctions on Venezuela’s state-run oil company, PDVSA — all properties of the company subject to U.S. jurisdiction was blocked and American citizens were barred from trading with the company. He also said that the Saudis would free 800 Indians held in its jails. The Ganga basin covers 11 states of Uttarakhand, U.P., M.P., Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Delhi. Wind tariffs have fallen from ₹4.5-5/kWh to a similar range as solar. loss of biodiversity and extinction of plants and animals, loss of wildlife habitat and depletion of wildlife, loss of natural regeneration and reduction in forest cover, loss of carbon sink resource and increase in percentage of CO2 in atmosphere, change in the microclimate of the area with unhealthy living conditions, soil erosion affecting productivity of soils and production. So the attempts to topple Mr. Maduro are not making headway. The Charter laid down the objectives and principles of the organization and fundamental purposes to strengthen the solidarity and cooperation among the Member States. Immediately after Mr. Guaidó’s announcement, the U.S., Canada, Brazil and some other South American nations recognised him as Venezuela’s legitimate leader. Also, under the South Asia Free Trade Area Agreement (SAFTA) 2004, Pakistan’s share in external trade is less than 10%, while India’s share is more than 70%. The coast of Orissa in India is the largest mass nesting site for the Olive-Ridley. Type: International Relations Explanation:Â. Dongria Kondh. The rights of tribals over natural resources have been reduced over the years through the concepts of protected forests etc., and the commission has been lacking to secure the same. [15] From 2011-12 to 2017-18, India’s formal trade with Pakistan increased from $1.94 billion to $2.41 billion. Forest fires are caused by Natural causes as well as anthropogenic causes. Analyze. From India’s side, the government has studiously ignored the furore over Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi’s assassination — Prime Minister Modi even held a one-to-one meeting with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman at the G-20 Summit when he was being cold-shouldered by many world leaders. A major reason for the Dongria Kondh’s opposition to bauxite mining in the Niyamgiri Mountains was that it would destroy their numerous perennial hill streams. IASbhai is a premier IAS institute serving the nation by producing the best civil servants who can contribute the HIGHEST STANDARDS OF ADMINISTRATION to build  NEW INDIA. Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei pointed the finger at “the spying agencies of some regional and trans-regional countries”, an obvious reference to Pakistan and the U.S. In contrast, Iran’s support for Islamist militancy, not least by transferring advanced missile technology to Islamist groups and militias in Lebanon and Syria, has led to an increase in tensions with Israel, which responded by conducting air strikes against Iranian targets on Syrian soil in January 2019. The Olive Ridley turtles are the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world. In India, the regulator is taking important steps in this direction. These announcements and gestures would have been far more significant had it not been for the fact that MBS’s trip came on the heels of his visit to Pakistan just after the Pulwama attack. Finally, cost of electricity storage, while expensive today, is expected to come down and provide a crucial option for the grid integration of solar in particular. A large part is earmarked for investment in the construction of an oil refinery in Gwadar on the Makran coast, which is being developed as a strategic port by China and features prominently in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) plan. Concerns about the potential for violence flared on 22nd February, 2019 when the Venezuelan Army opened fire in a village near the Brazilian border after indigenous leaders attempted to prevent them from advancing, killing a woman and her husband. These cooperatives ensure all families of the community have food and no fields remain barren. (250 words), Representation of India in various multilateral forums signifies her rising power in the international community. Guaidó says the Venezuelan Constitution allows the president of the National Assembly to take power as interim President in the absence of an elected President. Perspective on Aid bailout: Why Pakistan needs Saudi Arabia? Guaidó, 35, head of the Opposition-run Congress, has provided few details on the transport plan. The Dongria Kondh tribe of Niyamgiri Hills, Odisha are among the best conservationists in the world. The females return to the very same beach from where they first hatched, to lay their eggs. India’s efforts to woo Saudi Arabia have been one of its more notable foreign policy successes of the last decade. Although this approach has allowed India to eschew involvement in regional disputes and de-hyphenate relations with regional rivals including Iran, Israel and Saudi Arabia, the policy has also constrained India’s ability to press its geopolitical interests in the region. Question 4. Later, a host of European countries also backed Mr. Guaidó. Pakistan’s loss from major exports to India would be much less — from dates ($0.113 billion), portland cement ($0.078 billion), other petroleum oil ($0.055 billion) and light oils and preparations ($0.028 billion). Juan Guaidó, recognised by most Western nations as the country’s legitimate head of state, defied court orders not to leave Venezuela by arriving on 22nd February, 2019 in the Colombian border city of Cúcuta, where aid from the U.S. and Colombian governments is stockpiled in warehouses. This is beyond its already committed investments in India of $44 billion for the existing joint venture with the public sector oil undertakings and public fund investments of $10 billion. At the leadership level, Mr. Modi extended more than a personal touch to the visit by going to the airport and embracing the Crown Prince on landing. However, this can only be achieved if a cost-effective portfolio of flexibility options can be developed, from shifting demand to match supply, making coal plants more flexible, and developing energy storage. Required fields are marked *. Note down different types of labour system in your Prelims Book . The tribe’s reli… The U.S. “strongly condemns the Venezuelan military’s use of force against unarmed civilians and innocent volunteers” on the border with Brazil, the White House said. It is important to note that this does not strictly fall under the. Dangria Kondh, a sub-section of Kondh community is a primitive section of the tribe that lives in the dense forest of the Niyamgiri range. There was a major fire outbreak in the forestlands of Bandipur. Indian-made goods smuggled into Pakistan include cosmetics, liquor, stainless steel utensils, ayurvedic medicines, videotapes/CDs, confectionery/cashew nuts, tea, coffee, live animals and spices. Flexible’ power system key to renewables push. “We were all going to work, we want to work, the people attempted to force through,” said Viviana Meza, 29, who works in a Cúcuta restaurant. The applications for regularization of residence under the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006 has been rejected. To integrate renewables, we need the desirable kind of demand response, which doesn’t compromise with reliability. About: They derive their name from dongar, meaning ‘hill’ and are the member of Khond Tribe Status: They are a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. India-Saudi Arabia ties were strengthened into a strategic partnership announced in 2010 in the Riyadh Declaration when Prime Minister Manmohan Singh paid a visit, and were bolstered by King Salman’s visit in February 2014 and Mr. Modi’s 2016 trip to Saudi Arabia. India withdrawing the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status. km) and supporting about 43% of its population (448.3 million as per 2001 census). Through millennia, they have evolved a lifestyle that is in perfect harmony with nature. They believe that their right to cultivate Niyamgiri’s slopes has been conferred on them by Niyam Raja, and that they are his royal descendants. The jewellery used by Bonda,Dongria Kondh,Lanjia Saoura, Gadaba, Didayee, Bhottada, Ho, Munda, Bhunjia, Banjara tribes deserve special admiration. Pakistan, Iran and Saudi Arabia, post Pulwama. This includes the Dongria Kandh, Juanga, Lanjia Saura, Saura, Didayi, Paudi Bhuyan and Kandh in Odisha. About Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC): The speech at the OIC inaugural plenary is also expected to take forward India’s case for action against the Jaish-e-Mohammad and strictures on Pakistan. The crisis took a dangerous turn on January 23, 2019 when Juan Guaidó, president of the Opposition-controlled National Assembly, declared himself interim President of the oil-rich South American country, directly challenging the authority of President Nicolás Maduro, who began his second six-year term in January 2019. Dongria are having nuclear,monogamous and patrilineal setup. It is important to note that the Saudi-Iranian rivalry is being played out across the region, from Syria to Yemen. During his visit to New Delhi, MBS said he foresaw up to $100 billion worth of Saudi investments in India over the next few years, including a plan by the Saudi Basic Industries Corp. to acquire two LNG plants. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook. Context: There is a growing Opposition to the government’s decision to allow the removal of mineral-rich sand from the estuary (pozhi) of Thottappally coast of Kerala. The turtle derives its name from the colour of its shell which is olive green hue in colour. The sanctions are expected to cost Mr. Maduro’s government $11 billion in lost export proceeds. Fires are a major cause of forest degradation and have wide ranging adverse ecological, economic and social impacts, including: Forest fires also benefit plants and trees: Forest fires can also rejuvenate the soil and eliminate invasive species, which promote healthier and stronger plant species. Informal trade may proliferate, which might not be in India’s interest and an appropriate strategy is required to bring it to a halt. Experts opine that the current crisis, triggered by economic woes, government repression and a disputed election, is different. This article was featured in the Hindu BusinessLine on the 23rd of February, 2019. UPSC generally asks one question about tribes in prelims and I have tried to discuss about the major tribes and tribes which are in news. Experts opine that it can only be a pressure tactic and do little unless stringent actions are taken to stop informal trade that has been going on between the two countries for long. India’s been performing an extraordinary diplomatic pirouette in West Asia, courting the Saudis, the Israelis and also the Iranians almost simultaneously. https://www.survivalinternational.org/dongria. It is important to note that India obtains 20 per cent of its oil from Saudi Arabia and three million Indians work there. Consider the … At least four National Guard officers on 23rd February, 2019 at the border disavowed Mr. Maduro’s government and requested assistance from the Colombian government, Colombia’s migration agency had mentioned. This is a contested claim. IASbhai will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing. MBS’s India visit is being measured against the statements made during his Pakistan visit, where he praised Islamabad for its fight against terrorism. This means the turmoil that has gripped Venezuela is unlikely to ease unless the government and the Opposition find common ground on rebuilding the economy and sharing power. It is believed that Niyam Raja is the source of their essential resources. Saudi economic largesse matters greatly to Pakistan, which is in dire economic straits and has been forced to turn to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for loans that are bound to come with strict conditionalities. 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